Erythritol. Erythritol is made from the sweet, natural starches in fruits like pears and melons. Food and Nutrition Information Center. It has nothing than calories; it has no proteins, fat, vitamins or minerals and there is no need for it to be included in your diet. You can find erythritol naturally in certain fruits, mushrooms, and fermented foods. Adam Cloe has been published in various scientific journals, including the "Journal of Biochemistry." In large-scale production, erythritol is created when a type of yeast ferments glucose from corn or wheat starch. It’s often preferred by those that don’t like the ultra-sweet taste of artificial sweeteners (1, 2). Erythritol is a chemical compound, a sugar alcohol (or polyol), used as a food additive and sugar substitute. Sugar alcohols, also called polyols, are sugar substitutes that occur naturally in plants and starches. Just make sure the erythritol combination doesn’t contain other additives that can spike your carb count and affect blood sugar. Manufacturers use maize as a source of starch in the production of erythritol; therefore, the first step is the extraction of starch from maize. It is a polyol or four-carbon sugar alcohol which contains approximately 60% to 70% of the sweetness of sugar. 2000 Mar;27(3):163-165. doi:10.1111/j.1346-8138.2000.tb02143.x, Sharma A, Amarnath S, Thulasimani M, Ramaswamy S. Artificial sweeteners as a sugar substitute: Are they really safe?. – What Erythritol and Truvia are made of – Erythritol vs Truvia. The fermented mixture is then heated (in order to kill off the yeast) an dried (by boiling off all the water) so that erythritol crystals are formed 1. It can be naturally found in small amounts in fermented foods and some fruits, including – sake, wine, watermelons, beer, grapes, pears, and soy sauce. Carbohydrates. 2016;48(3):237–240. It’s 70-80% as sweet as table sugar and has a mild flavor. The sugar is mixed with water, filtered, and then fermented with a natural culture and dried. Accessed on January 28, 2014. The main reason for this is that, due to its different chemical structure, erythritol is absorbed much less by our body and, therefore, it gives it almost no energy. How It’s Made. Erythritol is a naturally-occurring molecule, we can find it in fruits such as pears, water melons and grapes; it is also present in some drinks like sake and wine, and sauce such as soy sauce. Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. MedlinePlus. This versatility makes Swerve our top pick. However most erythritol is man-made from cornstarch. It is a sugar alcohol because it is made via a fermenting process and has a specific chemical structure, called a hydroxyl group, attached to one end of the molecule. This glucose is then mixed with yeast, such as Moniliella pollinis or Trichosporonoides megachliensis, and the yeast ferments the glucose to form erythritol It's a type of carbohydrate called a … Commercially, erythritol can also be made as a by-product of fermenting corn. Unlike other sugar alcohols, it does not cause stomach upset. It can also be found in the tissues and fluids of human and other animals, in human urine and blood (at levels up to one milligram per liter). In sugar alcohol, the carbonyl group is replaced by a OH group. One molecule of erythritol is formed from 4 carbon atoms, 10 hydrogen atoms and 4 oxygen atoms 1. Erythritol does not result in as much of a rise in blood sugar after meals or cause tooth decay. As a result, they are a low-calorie alternative to sugars, such as sucrose. Glucose has a carbonyl group. Starch is a compound formed by glucose molecules bonded to each other to form long chains. 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